In order to understand the impact of the Civil War it is important to have knowledge of the reconstruction after civil war. After this war, the United States of America was a completely changed nation. More than 600,000 soldiers perished fighting for their beliefs for or against state’s rights. In addition, the victory of the Union over the Confederate army marked the end of the war and the end of slavery. Likewise, Abraham Lincoln, the president during the war, was assassinated shortly after the end of the war changing the political climate and deeply influencing restoration after civil war.
The reconstruction period which occurred after the Civil War was a very expansive process which involved the reassessment of how the Confederate states would be re-incorporated into the United States. Likewise, because much of the society such as the economy of the Confederate states was based on slavery, much loss on a material level was experienced. When analyzing reconstruction after civil war the utter damage caused by the war and the lack of funds which ceased with the end of slavery caused the Southern states to experience deep economic despair during this time period.
The major irony of the reconstruction after civil war is that although slavery was abolished negative, separatist attitudes remained. All people of different races suffered from the economic decline experienced in the South post civil war. Since large numbers of whites depended on the labor of slaves to farm land, the emancipation of the slaves resulted in many plantation owners renting portions of their land to freed slaves in order to make income. Some of the emancipated slaves moved to the larger cities in search of employment. In general, the freed slaves still made less money than their white counterparts. Also, in the future the implementation of Jim Crow laws would limit result in discrimination against blacks which would prove to hinder their freedom.