Blacks in the Civil War

The Civil War was one of the most important events in American history. This was the war which officially marked the end to slavery and put the states against each other. The Union and Confederate armies fought against each other in this war. The Union army consisted of the northern states which were in favor of the abolition of slavery and the Confederate army consisted of southern states which supported slavery for various reasons. It is very important to note the many blacks in the civil war in the Union Army that fought to end slavery and gain their freedom.

It is estimated that more than 180,000 civil war soldiers who fought in the Civil War were black. Some of these men were free-men while others were runaway slaves. Although Congress passed two acts which allowed black men to enlist in the Union Army to fight in the Civil War, it wasn't until President Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation that black men could officially enroll in the military to fight in the civil war. There were close to 163 units with the Union Army which consisted of black men. Likewise, many black men also enlisted in the Union Navy. It is believed that blacks in the civil war composed of more than 10% of the Union Army.

The role of blacks in civil war is often underestimated. Black men helped to win many battles of the Civil War. The battle at Fort Pillow, Tennessee is especially important as this was not only one of the most successful Union won battles in the Civil War, it was also one of the battles were the most black civil war soldiers were utilized and in which many black soldiers perished. Blacks in the civil war devoted their lives to the pursuit of freedom and the abolition of slavery.